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How do I write a lesson plan? 5 lesson plan templates you’ll want to know

How do I write a lesson plan?

Writing a lesson plan can be a daunting task, whether you’re a seasoned educator or just starting your teaching journey. It’s the roadmap that guides your teaching, ensuring that your students not only learn but also stay engaged and motivated throughout the lesson. 

A well-structured lesson plan can make all the difference in the classroom, turning a potentially chaotic learning environment into a productive and enjoyable one. 

In this blog post, we’ll cover the different types of lesson plan templates, including the 5-step lesson plan, the 4 A’s of lesson planning, an ABCD lesson plan, the 5E lesson plan template, and the PPP lesson plan.

If you get lost with all the acronyms, don’t worry; save this post for later so that you can always refer back to it!

Whether you’re preparing for your first day in the classroom or looking to refine your teaching skills, this guide will help you design lessons that inspire and empower your students. 

Check out this post, “AI Tools That Every Teacher Should Know How to Use,” to learn more about how AI can help you with your teaching.

teacher writing a lesson plan- how do I write a lesson plan

What is a 5-step lesson plan?

A 5-step lesson plan is a structured framework that educators can use to plan and deliver effective lessons in the classroom. It provides a clear outline of the key components of a lesson, ensuring that essential elements are addressed to promote effective teaching and learning. The exact structure and terminology of lesson plans can vary, but a common 5-step lesson plan typically includes the following components:

Step 1: Introduction or Activating Background Knowledge

Begin the lesson by capturing the students’ attention and establishing the context for what will be taught. This step may include an engaging hook, a brief overview of the topic, or a connection to previous lessons. 

Step 2: Objective or Learning Outcome

Clearly state the lesson’s objectives or learning outcomes. What should students know, understand, or be able to do by the end of the lesson? Objectives should be specific, measurable, and achievable.

Step 3: Instructional Content and Activities

This is the core of the lesson where you present the main content and engage students in various activities to help them grasp the material. Activities may include lectures, discussions, group work, hands-on experiments, or multimedia presentations. Ensure that the content aligns with the stated objectives.

Step 4: Assessment and Evaluation

Assess students’ understanding of the material and their progress toward meeting the lesson objectives. This step may involve formative assessment techniques like quizzes, discussions, or observations. It’s important to gauge whether students are learning as the lesson progresses.

Step 5: Conclusion and Closure

Summarize the key points of the lesson and restate the objectives to reinforce what students have learned. Provide closure by connecting the lesson to future learning or real-world applications. You can also assign homework or suggest additional resources for students to explore on their own.

These five steps help structure the lesson, ensuring that it flows logically, engages students, and leads to meaningful learning outcomes. While this is a common format, educators may adapt it to suit the specific needs of their students and subject matter. Additionally, effective lesson planning often includes consideration of differentiation for diverse learners, incorporation of technology, and flexibility to adapt to unexpected situations in the classroom.

What are the 4 A’s of lesson planning?

The 4 A’s of lesson planning is a mnemonic device that some educators use to help them create effective lesson plans. Each “A” represents a key element of the lesson planning process:

Anticipatory Set

The first “A” stands for “Anticipatory Set” or “Advance Organizer.” This is the portion of the lesson plan where you capture students’ attention and activate their prior knowledge about the topic. It serves as a bridge between what students already know and what they are about to learn. The anticipatory set can involve questions, visuals, a brief discussion, a short video, or any engaging activity that piques students’ interest and prepares them for the upcoming lesson.


The second “A” stands for “Alignment.” In this step, you ensure that all elements of your lesson plan are aligned with your learning objectives or outcomes. This includes making sure that the instructional activities, assessments, and resources are directly related to the stated objectives. Alignment is crucial for keeping the lesson focused and ensuring that what you teach directly supports what you want students to learn.


The third “A” stands for “Activity.” This section outlines the main activities and instructional strategies you will use to teach the content. It details how you will deliver the lesson, including any lectures, discussions, group work, hands-on activities, or multimedia presentations. The activities should be designed to actively engage students and facilitate their understanding of the subject matter.


The fourth “A” stands for “Assessment.” This part of the lesson plan outlines how you will assess and evaluate students’ understanding and progress toward meeting the lesson objectives. It includes both formative assessments (assessments conducted during the lesson to provide feedback and guide instruction) and summative assessments (assessments conducted at the end of the lesson to measure learning outcomes). Clear assessment methods and criteria are essential for gauging whether students have achieved the intended learning outcomes.

The 4 A’s framework helps teachers structure their lessons with a focus on engaging students, aligning content with learning objectives, using effective teaching strategies, and assessing student learning. While this framework provides a useful guide for lesson planning, it can be adapted and customized to meet the specific needs and preferences of individual educators and their students.

What is ABCD in lesson planning?

The “ABCD” in lesson planning is another mnemonic device that some educators use to create well-structured and effective lesson plans. Each letter represents a different component of the lesson plan:

A – Aim or Objective

The “A” in ABCD represents the “Aim” or “Objective” of the lesson. This is where you clearly state what you intend for your students to learn or accomplish by the end of the lesson. Objectives should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). They provide a clear focus for the lesson and guide your teaching.

B – Behavior

The “B” stands for “Behavior.” In this part of the lesson plan, you describe the observable behaviors or actions that students should be able to demonstrate to show they have achieved the lesson objective. This helps clarify what the learning outcome will look like in practice and guides your assessment strategy.

C – Conditions

The “C” represents “Conditions.” This section outlines the circumstances or conditions under which the learning will take place. It may include details about the classroom environment, available resources, or any specific requirements for the lesson. It helps set the context for the learning experience.

D – Degree

The “D” stands for “Degree.” In this part of the lesson plan, you specify the criteria or standards that will be used to measure the degree to which students have met the lesson objective. This involves describing how well students need to perform to consider the objective achieved. It helps in creating clear assessment criteria.

Using the ABCD framework helps educators create clear, well-structured lesson plans that are focused on specific learning objectives and outcomes. It emphasizes the importance of setting clear goals, defining desired behaviors, considering the learning context, and establishing criteria for assessing student performance. Like other lesson planning frameworks, ABCD can be customized to suit the unique needs of different subjects, grade levels, and teaching styles.

What is the 5E lesson plan template?

The 5E lesson plan template is a widely used framework in science education and other inquiry-based teaching environments. It is designed to guide educators through a structured lesson-planning process that promotes active engagement, exploration, and deeper understanding of a concept or topic. The “5E” stands for the following five phases of the lesson engage, explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate.


In this initial phase, the teacher’s goal is to capture the students’ interest and curiosity related to the upcoming topic. The engagement phase often begins with a compelling question, a demonstration, a provocative image or video, a story, or a real-world problem that stimulates students’ thinking and curiosity. The purpose is to get students interested in and motivated to learn about the subject.


Once students are engaged, the lesson moves into the exploration phase. This is where students actively investigate and explore the topic through hands-on activities, experiments, discussions, or other interactive experiences. Students have the opportunity to make observations, ask questions, and develop their understanding through direct experience.


In the explanation phase, the teacher provides explanations and clarifications to help students make sense of their observations and experiences. This includes introducing key concepts, definitions, and relevant information. It’s an opportunity to address misconceptions and ensure that students have a solid foundation for the topic.


The elaboration phase encourages students to extend their understanding by applying what they have learned to new situations or contexts. This might involve more advanced experiments, problem-solving activities, group projects, or discussions that require students to think critically and creatively about the topic.


The final phase, evaluation, focuses on assessing students’ learning and understanding. It can include formative assessments conducted during the lesson to gauge progress and summative assessments to measure the overall achievement of learning objectives. This phase helps both teachers and students determine the extent to which the objectives have been met and whether any adjustments need to be made.

The 5E lesson plan template is designed to promote inquiry-based learning and active engagement, aligning with the principles of constructivism. It encourages students to be active participants in their learning and supports the development of critical thinking and problem-solving skills. While it is most commonly associated with science education, the 5E model can be adapted for teaching a wide range of subjects and topics, with modifications to suit the specific learning goals and needs of students.

What is a C3 lesson?

A “C3 lesson” typically refers to a lesson that follows the C3 Framework for Social Studies State Standards. The C3 Framework, developed by the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS), provides structure and guidance for teaching social studies in K-12 education. The framework focuses on inquiry-based learning and emphasizes the development of critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and informed citizenship.

The “C3” in the framework stands for the “College, Career, and Civic Life” framework, and it is organized around four main dimensions:

Developing Questions and Planning Inquiries

This dimension emphasizes the importance of students formulating their own questions about social studies topics and planning inquiries to answer those questions. It encourages students to engage in the inquiry process, which involves asking questions, conducting research, and evaluating sources of information.

Applying Disciplinary Concepts and Tools

In this dimension, students learn and apply the core concepts, knowledge, and skills of social studies disciplines such as history, geography, economics, and civics. They use these disciplinary tools to analyze and interpret information related to social issues and historical events.

Evaluating Sources and Using Evidence

Students are taught to critically evaluate sources of information, including primary and secondary sources, and to use evidence to support their conclusions and arguments. This dimension emphasizes the importance of information literacy and the ability to discern credible sources.

Communicating Conclusions and Taking Informed Action

The final dimension focuses on students’ ability to effectively communicate their findings, conclusions, and recommendations related to social issues. It also encourages students to consider how they can take informed action to address social and civic challenges.

A C3 lesson, therefore, is a lesson that aligns with the principles and framework outlined in the C3 Framework for Social Studies State Standards. It is designed to engage students in active inquiry, critical thinking, and informed decision-making within the context of social studies education. These lessons often involve students exploring real-world issues, analyzing historical events, and developing a deeper understanding of the social, political, and economic forces that shape our world.

What is the 3P lesson plan template?

The “3 P’s” in lesson planning typically refer to three key components that educators often consider when designing and delivering effective lessons. These components help ensure that lessons are engaging, meaningful, and conducive to student learning. The 3 P’s of the lesson plan template include purpose, process, and product.


The first “P” represents “Purpose.” This is where the teacher outlines the overarching goal or objective of the lesson. The purpose should be specific and clear, describing what students are expected to learn or achieve by the end of the lesson. It provides direction and focus for the entire lesson.


The second “P” stands for “Process.” This section of the lesson plan details how the content will be delivered to students. It includes the instructional strategies, activities, and materials that will be used to teach the lesson. The process should be designed to actively engage students, facilitate their understanding, and address various learning styles and needs.


The third “P” represents “Product.” This component of the lesson plan describes how students will demonstrate their learning or understanding of the lesson’s content. It may include assessment methods, assignments, projects, or activities that allow students to apply what they’ve learned. The product should align with the lesson’s purpose and provide a means of assessing student achievement.

In summary, the 3 P’s in lesson planning help teachers structure their lessons with a clear purpose, effective teaching strategies, and assessments to measure student learning. This framework ensures that lessons are well-organized, engaging, and conducive to achieving the desired learning outcomes.

Do you want your lesson planning done for you?

Request an invite to Wife Teacher Mommy Club, where you will get access to our full library of lesson plans, resources, and activities that you and your students will love. Not only that, but you will join a community of amazing teachers and get access to our amazing coaches in group life coaching.

In conclusion, writing a lesson plan is a fundamental skill for any educator, and it’s an art that can be honed over time. Once you pick out your template, with some practice, you can craft lesson plans that are not only well-organized but also tailored to your students’ needs, keeping them engaged and motivated to learn. 

Remember that flexibility and adaptability are key traits of an effective teacher. Don’t be afraid to adjust your lesson plans based on your students’ responses and feedback. With practice and dedication, you’ll become a master at creating lesson plans that transform your classroom into a vibrant and dynamic learning environment. Your students will thank you for it, and you’ll find teaching to be an even more rewarding and fulfilling experience. So, go ahead, start writing those lesson plans, and watch your students flourish!

Don’t forget to check out our monthly teacher essential bundles with lesson plan templates, classroom newsletter templates, note cards, teacher contact logs, and more!

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